## Simulation and estimation of three-level survival models: IPD meta-analysis of recurrent event data

In this example I’ll look at the analysis of clustered survival data with three levels. This kind of data arises in the meta-analysis of recurrent event times, where we have observations (events or censored), k (level 1), nested within patients, j (level 2), nested within trials, i (level 3). Random intercepts The first example willContinue reading “Simulation and estimation of three-level survival models: IPD meta-analysis of recurrent event data”

## Probabilistic sensitivity analysis and survival models

Today we’re going to take a little look into probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA), and how it can be implemented within the context of survival analysis. Now PSA is used extensively in health economic modelling, where a particular parameter (or parameters) of interest, are altered or varied, to represent different scenarios and levels of variation. WeContinue reading “Probabilistic sensitivity analysis and survival models”

## Survival analysis with interval censoring

Interval censoring occurs when we don’t know the exact time an event occurred, only that it occurred within a particular time interval. Such data is common in ophthalmology and dentistry, where events are only picked up at scheduled appointments, but they actually occurred at some point since the previous visit. Arguably, we could say allContinue reading “Survival analysis with interval censoring”

## Joint longitudinal and competing risks models: Simulation, estimation and prediction

This post takes a look at an extension of the standard joint longitudinal-survival model, which is to incorporate competing risks. Let’s start by formally defining the model. We will assume a continuous longitudinal outcome, where and is our normally distributed residual variability. We call our trajectory function, representing the true underlying value of the continuousContinue reading “Joint longitudinal and competing risks models: Simulation, estimation and prediction”

## Simulating survival data with a continuous time-varying covariate…the right way

In this post we’ll take a look at how to simulate survival data with a continuous, time-varying covariate. The aim is to simulate from a data-generating mechanism appropriate for evaluating a joint longitudinal-survival model. We’ll use the survsim command to simulate the survival times, and the merlin command to fit the corresponding true model. Let’sContinue reading “Simulating survival data with a continuous time-varying covariate…the right way”

## Simulation, modelling and prediction with a non-linear covariate effect in survival analysis

Let’s begin. There will be a single continuous covariate, representing age, with a non-linear effect influencing survival. We’ll simulate survival times under a data-generating model that incorporates a non-linear effect of age. We’ll then fit some models accounting for the non-linear effect of age, and finally make predictions for specified values of age. Sounds simple,Continue reading “Simulation, modelling and prediction with a non-linear covariate effect in survival analysis”